Historical and political overview of Mozambique
A former Portuguese colony, independent since 1975, after several years of internal war a peace agreement was reached in 1992. A Presidential Republic. Situated in southern Africa, Mozambique borders South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, and Swaziland and washed by the Indian Ocean for over 2500 km of coastline. The main resources are fishing and agriculture, and natural resources such as gas, graphite and titanium.
Situation of the population and children
19 million inhabitants of which 43% are from 0 to 14 years old. The infant mortality rate is 130 per thousand. Almost 50% of children do not attend even primary school. Illiteracy stands at 70%. The average life expectancy has dropped in recent years from 42 to 39 years because of AIDS. In 2003 over 13% of the population was infected with HIV and in the same year, there were over 110,000 deaths from the disease. The population professes from 30 to 35% to be Christian, from 25 to 30% Muslim, the rest practice traditional local religions.